Nitric oxide synthases (NOS) independent of the isozyme, produce nitric oxide (.NO), superoxide (O2.-), and hydrogen peroxide (H2O2). Since .NO has been implicated in many physiological processes, the importance of O2.- and H2O2 in regulating cell signaling by .NO cannot be overlooked. Before addressing these questions, we investigated the production of .NO, O2.-, and H 2O2 by purified NOS. NOS 1 and NOS 2 were chosen, as the flux of .NO from each isozyme supports differential biological activity. We found that the initial rate and sustained production of .NO was considerably greater for NOS 2 as compared to NOS 1. In the absence of l-arginine, however, NOS 1 generation of O2.- and H2O2 was found to be substantially greater than that measured for NOS 2. Differences between NOS 1 and NOS 2 production of .NO, O2.-, and H2O2 may define the specific physiologic function of each isozyme.
- Cell signaling
- Hydrogen peroxide
- Inducible nitric oxide synthase
- Neuronal nitric oxide synthase
- Nitric oxide
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology