A cognitive model of dangerous delusional misidentification syndromes

J. A. Silva, G. B. Leong, E. S. Garza-Trevino, J. Le Grand, D. Oliva, R. Weinstock, C. L. Bowden

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

20 Scopus citations

Abstract

The hallmark of the delusional misidentification syndromes is the presence of a misidentification delusion of the self or others. Delusional misidentification may present with an increased risk for dangerous behaviors. Individuals suffering from delusional misidentification syndromes may express hostility in ways ranging from serious verbal threats to homicidal acts. The causes of dangerous misidentification delusions remain for the most part undetermined. In this article, we report a series of six cases of individuals who harbored dangerous misidentification delusions. These individuals were studied phenomenologically and forensically. They were also studied biologically, including neuropsychological testing. A cognitive hypothesis aimed at explaining dangerousness and delusional misidentification is proposed. Implications of the hypothesis for thither research are briefly outlined.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1455-1467
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Forensic Sciences
Volume39
Issue number6
StatePublished - Dec 1 1994

Keywords

  • dangerousness
  • delusions
  • mental disorder
  • misidentification
  • psychiatry
  • violence

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine
  • Genetics

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