A class of activation domains interacts directly with TFIIA and stimulates TFIIA-TFIID-promoter complex assembly

Naoko Kobayashi, Thomas G. Boyer, Arnold J. Berk

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

134 Scopus citations

Abstract

TFIIA is a general transcription factor that interacts with the TFIID- promoter complex required for transcription initiation by RNA polymerase II. Two lines of evidence suggest that TFIIA is directly involved in the mechanism by which some activators stimulate transcription. First, binding of TFIIA to a TFIID-promoter complex is a rate-limiting step that is enhanced by transcriptional activators GAL4-AH and Zta. Second, recombinant TFIIA greatly enhances activator-dependent transcription. In this study, we found that the activation domains of Zta and VP16 bind directly to TFIIA. Both Zta and VP16 stimulated rapid assembly of a stable TFIID-TFIIA complex on promoter DNA. Analysis of deletion derivatives of the VP16 activation domain indicated that the ability to bind to TFIIA correlates with the ability to enhance TFIID- TFIIA-promoter ternary complex assembly. Thus, we propose that a class of activators stimulate transcription initiation through direct interactions with both TFIIA and TFIID, which stimulate the assembly of an activated TFIIA-TFIID-promoter complex.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)6465-6473
Number of pages9
JournalMolecular and cellular biology
Volume15
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1995

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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