A case of astroblastoma: Radiological and histopathological characteristics and a review of current treatment options

Derek C. Samples, James Henry, Carlos Bazan, Izabela Tarasiewicz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Astroblastoma is a rare neuroepithelial tumor that often originates in the cerebral hemisphere of children and young adults. Diagnosis of this obscure neoplasm can be difficult because these tumors are so infrequently encountered and share common radiological and neuropathological features of other glial neoplasms. As such, it should be included in the differential diagnosis of astrocytoma and ependymoma if the clinical and radiographic features suggest it. Standardized treatment of astroblastomas remains under dispute because of the lack of knowledge regarding the tumor and a paucity of studies in the literature. Case Description: We present a case of a low-grade astroblastoma diagnosed in a 30-year-old female with seizures, headache, and vision changes. She underwent gross total resection and, without evidence of high-grade features, adjuvant therapy was not planned postoperatively. Post-operative surveillance suggested early recurrence, warranting referral to radiation therapy. Patient ended up expiring despite adjuvant therapy secondary to extensive recurrence and tumor metastasis. Conclusions: Astroblastoma must be considered in the differential of supratentorial tumors in children and young adults. Treatment of such, as suggested by most recent literature, includes gross total resection and adjuvant radiotherapy for lesions exhibiting high-grade features.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)S1008-S1012
JournalSurgical Neurology International
Volume7
Issue number41
DOIs
StatePublished - 2016

Keywords

  • Adjuvant radiotherapy
  • astroblastoma
  • brain edema
  • case report
  • cerebrum

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Clinical Neurology

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