Deregulation of mRNA translation engenders many human disorders, including obesity, neurodegenerative diseases, and cancer, and is associated with pathogen infections. The role of eIF4E-dependent translational control in macrophage inflammatory responses in vivo is largely unexplored. In this study, we investigated the involvement of the translation inhibitors eIF4E-binding proteins (4E-BPs) in the regulation of macrophage inflammatory responses in vitro and in vivo. We show that the lack of 4E-BPs exacerbates inflammatory polarization of bone marrow-derived macrophages and that 4E-BP-null adipose tissue macrophages display enhanced inflammatory gene expression following exposure to a high-fat diet (HFD). The exaggerated inflammatory response in HFD-fed 4E-BP-null mice coincides with significantly higher weight gain, higher Irf8 mRNA translation, and increased expression of IRF8 in adipose tissue compared with wild-type mice. Thus, 4E-BP-dependent translational control limits, in part, the proinflammatory response during HFD. These data underscore the activity of the 4E-BP-IRF8 axis as a paramount regulatory mechanism of proinflammatory responses in adipose tissue macrophages.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Immunology and Allergy