2-Nitropropane-induced lipid peroxidation: Antitoxic effects of melatonin

Seok Joong Kim, Russel J. Reiter, M. Veronica Rouvier Garay, Wenbo Qi, Gamal H. El-Sokkary, Dun Xian Tan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Scopus citations


The degree of lipid peroxidation (LPO) as indicated by the levels of thiobarbituric acid reactive substances, malondialdehyde (MDA) and 4-hydroxyalkenals (4-HDA), and the activity of sorbitol dehydrogenase (SDH) in serum as parameters of hepatotoxicity were studied in rats treated with a single intraperitoneal (ip) injection of the hepatocarcinogen 2-nitropropane (2-NP). Since melatonin, the main secretory product of the pineal gland, has been shown to protect against a number of toxic agents, it was given 30 min before 2-NP to test its protective effect against 2-NP toxicity. Significant increases in LPO in liver (P<0.0001), lung (P<0.05) and kidney (P<0.0001) were observed 24 h after 4 mmol/kg 2-NP while serum SDH activity was increased 470-fold. All parameters showed time (0, 4, 8, 24 h) and dose (0, 1, 2, 3, 4 mmol/kg) dependency. The induction of LPO by 2-NP was significantly reduced in lung and kidney when melatonin (2.5, 5 or 10 mg/kg) was given prior to 2-NP administration. The elevation in serum SDH caused by 2-NP was also reduced when melatonin was given. These findings show that 2-NP induces LPO and that pharmacological levels of melatonin can reduce the toxicity of this hepatocarcinogen. Copyright (C) 1998 Elsevier Science Ireland Ltd.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)183-190
Number of pages8
Issue number2-3
StatePublished - Sep 15 1998


  • 2-Nitropropane
  • Free radicals
  • Lipid peroxidation
  • Melatonin
  • Reactive oxygen species
  • Sorbitol dehydrogenase

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Toxicology


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