2-Amino-1-methyl-6-phenylimidazo[4,5-b]pyridine induces a higher number of aberrant crypt foci in Fischer 344 (rapid) than in Wistar Kyoto (slow) acetylator inbred rats

Madhu Purewal, Marco Velasco, Adrian J. Fretland, David W. Hein, Michael J. Wargovich

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Scopus citations


2-Amino-1-methyl-6-phenylimidazo[4,5-b]pyridine (PhIP) is the most abundant heterocyclic amine carcinogen in the human diet and is a colon carcinogen in the rat. N-Acetyltransferase-2 (NAT2) catalyzes the conversion of PhIP and other heterocyclic amines to a DNA-reactive form. NAT2 has a polymorphic distribution in humans and other mammals, including rats. The rapid NAT2 genotype has been shown to be associated with increased colorectal cancer risk in some, but not all, human epidemiological studies. This investigation was designed to study the role of acetylator genotype in PhIP- induced colon carcinogenesis using aberrant crypt foci (ACF) as an intermediate biomarker. Five-week-old male, rapid-acetylator Fischer 344 (F344) rats and slow-acetylator Wistar-Kyoto (WKY) rats were fed the semipurified AIN76A diet with 0.01% PhIP, 0.04% PhIP, or no PhIP (control) for 8 weeks. PhIP induced ACF in both rapid- and slow-acetylator rats; 0.04% PhIP induced more ACF than 0.01% PhIP. There was no difference in the number of ACF between rapid- and slow-acetylator rats that were fed 0.01% PhIP. However, 0.04% PhIP induced 2-fold higher ACF and a greater dose-dependent increase in PhIP-induced ACF in the rapid-acetylator F344 rats compared with the slow-acetylator WKY rats. The results support human epidemiological studies showing higher risk for colorectal cancer in rapid acetylators who frequently consume meat that is very well done.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)529-532
Number of pages4
JournalCancer Epidemiology Biomarkers and Prevention
Issue number5
StatePublished - May 2000
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Epidemiology
  • Oncology


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