δ-Aminolevulinic acid-induced lipid peroxidation in rat kidney and liver is attenuated by melatonin: An in vitro and in vivo study

Regina C.G. Carneiro, Russel J. Reiter

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

30 Scopus citations

Abstract

Acute intermittent porphyria (AIP) is a genetically inherited disease characterized by a partial block in liver heme biosynthesis and by increased urinary excretion of the δ-aminolevulinic acid (ALA). Recently, it has been proposed that the toxic effects of ALA are related to the generation of free radicals. In the present study the in vitro and in vivo effect of melatonin, a recently described antioxidative agent, on ALA-induced lipid peroxidation in rat liver and kidney was determined. The concentration of malonaldehyde (MDA) and 4-hydroxyalkenals (4-HDA) was assayed as an index of induced membrane oxidative damage. In vitro melatonin protected, in a concentration-dependent manner, against ALA-induced lipid peroxidation in liver and kidney homogenates. In in vivo experiments as well, it was demonstrated that ALA (40 mg/kg)-induced lipid peroxidation in liver and kidney was reduced by acute melatonin (10 mg/kg) treatment. The results support the involvement of free radicals in ALA toxicity and show that in vitro and in vivo melatonin confers protection against this toxicity, likely due to the antioxidative capability of the indole.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)131-136
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of pineal research
Volume24
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 20 1998

Keywords

  • Antioxidant
  • Kidney, liver
  • Lipid peroxidation
  • Melatonin
  • δ-Aminolevulinic acid

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology

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