β IV is the major β‐tubulin isotype in bovine cilia

Robert Renthal, Barbara G. Schneider, Margaret M. Miller, Richard F. Ludueña

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

59 Scopus citations

Abstract

Four different isotypes of β‐tubulin are known to be expressed in mammalian brain. Monoclonal antibodies against βII, βIII, and βIV were used to characterize the β‐tubulin isotypes in two ciliated bovine tissues: non‐motile sensory cilia of retinal rod cells and motile cilia of tracheal epithelium. Retinal rod outer segment (ROS) connecting cilia and cytoskeletons were purified by density gradient centrifugation. This preparation contained more than 20 major protein protein components, as shown by dodecyl sulfate polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. Electroblots were used to quantitate the relative amounts of βII, βIII, and βIV. The connecting cilium and cytoskeleton of the rod outer segment has less type III β‐tubulin than brain and more type IV. The ratio of βIV to βII in the ROS is nearly a factor of 8 larger than in brain. Electron microscopic immunocytochemistry showed extensive labeling of cilia by anti‐type IV in thin sections of retinas and trachea, and also in purified ROS cilia and cyoskeletons. Labeling of cilia by anti‐βII was also observed, although in the purified ROS cilia and cytoskeleton, the anti‐βII labeling was primarily on amorphous non‐ciliary material. The results suggest that both motile and non‐motile cilia are enriched in the type IV β‐tubulin subunit. © 1993 Wiley‐Liss, Inc.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)19-29
Number of pages11
JournalCell Motility and the Cytoskeleton
Volume25
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 1993

Keywords

  • cilium
  • immunocytochemistry
  • microtubules
  • photoreceptor
  • retina
  • trachea

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Structural Biology
  • Cell Biology

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    Renthal, R., Schneider, B. G., Miller, M. M., & Ludueña, R. F. (1993). β IV is the major β‐tubulin isotype in bovine cilia. Cell Motility and the Cytoskeleton, 25(1), 19-29. https://doi.org/10.1002/cm.970250104