TISSUE CULTURE OF THE ISLETS OF LANGERHANS

Project: Research project

Project Details

Description

The major objectives of this proposal are to continue studies on the
prevention of rejection of islet xenografts transplanted across closely-
related and widely-divergent species barriers; adapt the automated method
for mass isolation of human islets to the pig pancreas; determine the
possible role of intraislet macrophages in the initiation of autoimmune
diabetes; use the SCID mouse for studies on autoimmune diabetes.
Indefinite survival of closely-related xenografts (rat to mouse) has been
achieved by our laboratory by altering or destroying intraislet macrophages
plus temporary immunosuppression and recently by in vitro treatment of rat
islets with transforming growth factor beta (TGF-beta) and temporary
treatment of the recipients with a monoclonal antibody t interferon-gamma.
Marked prolongation of survival of widely-divergent islet xenografts
(hamster, human, rabbit to mouse) has been achieved with temporary anti
L3T4 treatment of recipients. Studies are now in progress to prevent
rejection of widely-divergent xenografts (human, hamster, pig to mouse) by
developing procedures for more effective elimination of intraislet
passenger leucocytes, use TGF-beta for in vitro treatment of donor islets,
treatment of recipients with anti-interferon-gamma or chimeric IL-2 toxin
or repeated treatment with alpha-L3T4 and combinations of these approaches. These studies should provide basic information on the immunology of
xenografts, and if successful, raise the possibility of using pig islets
for human transplantation. Recent studies have provided in direct evidence
that intraislet macrophages may play a primary role in the initiation of
autoimmune diabetes in animal models. Studies are in progress using islet
transplants in the low-dose streptozotocin model to assess the role of
intraislet macrophages in this autoimmune model. Studies on human
autoimmune diabetes have been initiated using SCID mice for establishment
of human islet xenografts and attempting order to determine their effect on
the human islet xenografts. If this is successful, then it should be
possible to isolate specific cell lines cytotoxic for beta cells and study
the role of intraislet macrophages in beta cell destruction.
StatusFinished
Effective start/end date5/1/788/31/95

Funding

  • National Institutes of Health
  • National Institutes of Health

ASJC

  • Medicine(all)

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