Project: Research project

Project Details


Atherosclerotic lesions typically occur in areas of low shear flow regions. The mechanisms involved in developing these lesions are poorly understood. Our long-term goal is to develop strategies for novel interventional procedures and agents to control enhanced endothelial-monocyte (En-Mn) adhesion that favors the development of the disease. Recently, we reported that prolonged low shear, as opposed to high shear stress, causes a persistent activation of the key transcriptional regulator NF- kappaB in human aortic endothelial cells (HAEC). The objective of this proposal is to identify the mediators that cause the differential activation of NF-kappaB in prolonged low and high shear stress in HAEC. The central hypothesis is that shear stress-induced reactive oxygen species (ROS) mediate activation of NF-kappaB through differential regulation of upstream signaling mechanisms. These mechanisms determine the differences in the inflammatory events mediating the development of atherogenesis in lesion prone low shear areas and resistant high shear regions. The hypothesis will be examined by three specific aims: 1) To determine the upstream signaling mechanisms that regulate the activation of NF-kappaB; 2) To ascertain the role of ROS that would possibly trigger activation of the upstream signaling kinases; and 3) To investigate the role of Ap-1 and octamer binding protein in the differential regulation of the NF- kappaB mediated vascular cell adhesion molecule (VCAM-1) gene expression in low and high shear exposed HAEC. The rationale of this study is that once the key players that regulate the persistent activation of NF-kappaB in low shear stress are identified, it will be possible to modulate the expression of NF- kappaB mediated VCAM-1 expression involved in En-Mn adhesion. The outcome would be significant because ascertaining the mechanisms involved in the NF-kappaB signaling pathway would identify key mediators that favor the enhanced En-Mn adhesion that leads to the development of the disease. This knowledge would help in developing novel therapeutic strategies for selective targeting of those mediators. Understanding of NF- kappaB signaling mechanisms in VCAM-1 regulation can also be applied to other inflammatory conditions.
Effective start/end date8/1/007/31/05


  • National Institutes of Health: $144,500.00
  • National Institutes of Health: $144,500.00
  • National Institutes of Health: $169,500.00
  • National Institutes of Health: $144,500.00


  • Medicine(all)


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