Epithelial Cells as Mucosal Adjuvant for Life Long Immunity

  • Gauduin, Marie-Claire E (PI)

    Project: Research project

    Project Details

    Description

    Abstract The significant amount of data generated by SIV vaccine studies has led to the suggestion that an
    HIV vaccine is achievable. The capacity of humoral and cellular immune responses in mucosal tissues to
    block or contain replication at the initial stage of virus transmission may have a profound impact on the ability
    of a vaccinated host to resist infection. The development of an effective vaccine that restricts viral replication
    at the mucosal portal of entry may be our best hope for controlling HIV infection. We believe there are two
    necessary features for a successful vaccine: 1) life-long stimulation of the immune system with viral antigens;
    and 2) a targeted immune response at the site of primary replication of HIV. A vaccine approach that
    simultaneously addresses these two issues would have the potential to achieve solid, long-term protection. To fulfill these requirements, we propose an alternative approach to successfully deliver a vaccine to
    mucosal sites and elicit protective mucosal immune responses. We propose to use the epithelial stem cell as
    a permanent source of viral antigen and their differentiated offspring as antigen producing presenting cells.
    Using a single cycle SIV (SIVsc) approach, which has been shown to be a very safe strategy compared to
    traditional attenuated vaccines, we propose to clone the SIVsc genome under the control of the involucrin
    promoter, a terminally differentiated keratinocyte specific promoter. This virus will be then administered to
    target epithelial stem cells from different tissues (epidermal, vaginal, rectal). Basal layer cells will divide and
    differentiate thus triggering SIV antigen expression and both direct and cross priming. Herein, we propose: 1) To elicit SIV antigen expression from a terminally differentiated keratinocyte-
    specific promoter in rhesus macaques vaccinated by dermal, vaginal and rectal routes;2) To investigate the
    nature of immune responses induced by the different inoculation protocols;and, 3) if these animals are able
    to mount a satisfactory immune response compared to attenuated SIV infected animals, we will attempt to
    demonstrate protection against multiple low-dose vaginal and rectal challenges with a homologous SIV strain.
    StatusFinished
    Effective start/end date9/22/098/31/11

    Funding

    • National Institutes of Health: $847,754.00

    ASJC

    • Medicine(all)
    • Immunology and Microbiology(all)

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